The rules for the purchase of firearms in the state of Oklahoma are designed to ensure the safety of individuals and the public. These rules include requirements for background checks and the involvement of licensed firearms dealers in the purchase process. Private sales are legal in Oklahoma without background checks with some risk of an illegal transfer.

All firearms purchases in Oklahoma made through a licensed firearms dealer, (FFL) e.g. gunstore, on-line, pawn shop, or non private sale are subject to a background check. This means that the buyer when he/she visits a licensed dealer must complete the necessary paperwork to purchase a firearm. The first step in the process is for the buyer to complete a firearms transaction record, which is a form that includes information about the buyer and the firearm being purchased. The ATF form is called: Form 4473, Firearms Transaction Record.

Once the firearms transaction record is completed, the buyer must undergo a background check. This background check is conducted by the FBI and includes a search of state and federal databases to ensure the buyer is not prohibited from owning a firearm. Some of the reasons that a person may be prohibited from owning a firearm include being a convicted felon, being committed to a mental institution, or having a history of domestic violence.

If the background check is successful, the licensed dealer will then complete the sale of the firearm to the buyer. The buyer will be provided with a copy of the firearms transaction record, and the seller must also retain a copy for their records.

It is important to note that the rules for the purchase of firearms in Oklahoma are intended to ensure the safety of individuals and the public. By requiring background checks and involving licensed firearms dealers in the purchase process, the state is able to help prevent firearms from falling into the hands of those who are prohibited from owning them.